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The Fashion Industry's Dirty Secrets: Filling Wardrobes, Emptying Resources

This article sheds light on the alarming ecological repercussions of fast fashion and exposing its staggering impact on the environment. The fashion industry's race to produce cheap, trendy clothing at a breakneck pace has taken a devastating toll on the planet, with astonishing statistics revealing the magnitude of the problem.

Imagine slipping into a cute top, pairing it with the latest high-rise jeans, and capping it off

with chunky, neon sneakers. You take some perfect selfies in front of a vintage brick wall,

garnish hundreds of likes on your social media accounts, and then never wear that outfit

again because, well, it's last week's trend.

Welcome to the fast-paced, ever-shifting world of fast fashion, a realm that moves at a

speed that could make even your high-speed WiFi blush. But here's the catch: it carries an environmental toll heavier than your most dreaded history textbook.

Let me break it down for you - fast fashion is the clothing industry's equivalent of fast food. Companies churn out cheap apparel at rapid speed to cater to the newest fashion trend that's circulating on TikTok or Instagram. These clothes might satisfy your desires momentarily, but the damage they wreak on our planet's health could last generations.

How so, you may ask?

The amount of water used to make clothing items

Picture this: The world consumes around 80 billion new pieces of clothing each year. That's a staggering 400% more than what we consumed just two decades ago (Maiti). Every time you decide that last month's clothing style is too outdated, and you toss it out for a fresh set of threads, you're contributing to a steadily growing mountain of textile waste that's as big of an eyesore as it is a problem for our planet.

The manufacturing process is no saint either. Textile production emits greenhouse gases

and these emissions are projected to skyrocket by 60% by 2030 (Maiti). Shocking, isn't it? The water usage is another mind-boggling factor. For instance, it takes a colossal 20,000 litres of water to produce a single kilogram of cotton (Maiti). And remember, cotton farming alone occupies about 2.5% of the world's farmland (Stallard).

Synthetic materials aren't off the hook either. Polyester, a popular choice for fast fashion due to its durability and cheap cost, requires an estimated 342 million barrels of oil every year (Stallard). Clothes production also heavily relies on chemicals for processes like dyeing, consuming 43 million tonnes a year (Stallard). As if this wasn't enough, even washing these clothes releases 500,000 tons of microfibres into our oceans annually, equivalent to tossing in 50 billion plastic bottles (Igini).

Sounds overwhelming, doesn't it? It's easy to feel like a tiny speck in the face of such gargantuan issues. But remember, even in your most intimidating final exam, every single question counts. Every small step you take towards sustainable fashion echoes in the fight against this environmental crisis.

So, what's the plan?

Start by buying less but buy better. Choose quality over quantity, invest in timeless pieces that won't be out of style by the time you finish this story. Did you know that today people are buying 60% more clothes and wearing them for half as long as before? (UNEP)

And the number of times a garment is worn has declined by around 36% in the last 15 years (Igini).

Let's reverse these trends. Initiate clothes-swaps with friends, explore the treasure troves of second-hand stores. Who knows, your next "new" vintage jacket might just set the next big trend. And while you're at it, be a beacon of change. Educate your circle about the stark realities of fast fashion and encourage more eco-conscious decisions.

Fast fashion is indeed a runaway train, speeding recklessly towards a precipice labelled 'climate change'. But with awareness and smarter choices, we can apply the brakes, one thoughtfully chosen outfit at a time. Remember, we don't need a handful of people doing zero waste perfectly. We need millions doing it imperfectly. So, are you ready to step up?

Works cited:

  • Igini, Martina. “10 Stunning Fast Fashion Waste Statistics.”,, 2 Aug. 2022,

  • Maiti, Rashmila. “Fast Fashion: Its Detrimental Effect on the Environment.”, 1 Dec. 2022,

  • Stallard, Esme. “Fast Fashion: How Clothes Are Linked to Climate Change.” BBC News, 29 July 2022,

  • UNEP. “The Environmental Costs of Fast Fashion.” United Nations Environment Programme, 24 Nov. 2022,

Written by Advika Gupta

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